Research Studies

Neurotransmitter Testing and Treatment

Applying Complex Systems Theory to Neuropsychology

Read full article here: By David Manwiller

Cover, abridgedAbstract: First developed for physics and engineering, the relatively new field of complex systems theory is increasingly being used to model problems in the biological and social sciences. This field utilizes concepts that can be applied to research in neurotransmitter testing and modification. The purpose of this study is to examine the concepts of emergence, landscape, equilibrium, and complexity. The application to diagnosis and treatment will be given, incorporating recent advances in systems biology and neuroscience. Conclusions drawn from this study may be useful to psychologists, social workers, medical doctors, and other professionals in the field of mental health.


Validity of Urinary Neurotransmitter Testing with Clinical Applications of the CSM (Communication System Management) Model

Read full article here: By R.W. Watkins, MD, MPH, FAAFP

white_paper_imageAbstract: This review article seeks to promote the use of urinary neurotransmitter (NT) testing as a non-invasive, reliable, and beneficial clinical tool that can yield important biomarkers for a variety of conditions and illnesses. There are two main points addressed herein: first, the validity of the testing as a laboratory measurement in terms of reproducibility, accuracy, and precision. The second to be addressed is one of clinical utility and application. The testing of urine to determine neurotransmitter levels has a long history preceding the development of pharmaceuticals that are currently in use that affect neurotransmitter balance. The use of amino acid precursors of the major neurotransmitters also has a long history in the treatment of a variety of medical conditions. The medical literature, as well as a wealth of clinical observation, continues to support the use of urine in testing for neurotransmitter levels and guiding therapies designed to bring balance to the nervous system. 




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